However, most of the existing literature typically distinguishes between two levels of specific factors. Most deforestation is driven from outside forestry sector e. Deforestation is one of the major causes to the environmental degradation which is affected by the agents like small farmers, ranches, loggers and plantation companies. These then suggest approaches for efforts to reduce deforestation. Slash and burn agriculture can be a sound agricultural practice in many instances, and has long been practiced by. Deforestation causes, impacts and restoration strategies. Deforestation and climate change climate institute. Deforestation is the permanent removal of trees to make room for something besides forest. Below are some of the effects we must address, otherwise the world loses its natural balance.
Unesco eolss sample chapters land use, land cover and soil sciences vol. The attendant effects of deforestation natural forest and resources manifest in environmental problems such as soil erosion, windstorm, erratic rainfall, flooding, siltation of water bodies, water shortages, landslide, desertification, declining soil fertility, habitat loss and threats to extinction of economic trees and other flora and fauna udo and udo, 1999. Essay on the meaning of deforestation essay on the history of deforestation in india essay on the causes for deforestation essay on the effects of deforestation essay. Kaimowitz center for international forestry research cifor, san jose, costa rica cabi publishing in. Secondly, the consequences of forest destruction are discussed, with a summary of estimates of the economic costs of deforestation. Deforestation causes can either be direct or indirect. Then, it will take less time to recover, as well as easier to do reforestation after a natural disaster occurs. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this.
The total area of the amazonian rainforest is approximately 4 million km2, however about 14% of the rainforest has already been. In turn, this causes dryer soil and the inability to grow crops, an ironic twist when considered against the fact that 80% of deforestation comes from smallscale agriculture and cattle ranching. The decreasing forest cover is limiting the habitats of many species due to which is forcing them to intrude with human welfare 36. For example, drying out our tropical rainforests increases fire damage. But when a forest is cut down, the humidity levels decrease and causes the remaining plants to dry out. Three deforestation issues are likely to be of particular importance to congress. Causes of deforestation farming, grazing of livestock, mining, and drilling combined account for more than half of all deforestation. Deforestation causes of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Forest are been cleared just for the selfish needs of humans and this has lead to deforestation.
Individuals can also combat deforestation by spreading awareness about its negative consequences and participating in treeplanting campaigns. Marsfm working paper 5 2007 forestry department food and agriculture organization of the united nations manual on deforestation, degradation, and fragmentation using remote sensing and gis prepared by giri tejaswi rome, march 2007 strengthening monitoring, assessment and reporting on sustainable forest management in. The third issue is the poor quality of information. The cause and effect of deforestation in the amazon. This can include clearing the land for agriculture or grazing, or using the timber for fuel, construction. Further effects of deforestation include soil erosion and coastal flooding. The consequences of deforestation are mainly negative. One main cause of deforestation in the amazon is the spread of highways. These figures also in fact give an indication of how the rate of deforestation could be reduced. The latest deforestation news is included at the foot of the page. Deforestation causes and effects your home teacher.
Causes and effects of deforestation deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in order to make the land available for other uses. The global effects of deforestation dont end there. Pdf restoration forestry or ecoforestry or sustainable forestry is basically not aimed to produce forest trees for logging or any sort of human. Penny encyclopedia of life support systems eolss the situation in africa is particularly acute, but even the densely populated asian and pacific regions contain roughly 1.
In the greater mekong in southeast asia, where land tenure systems are weak, deforestation has contributed to social conflict and migration. Causes and consequences of deforestation of the amazon rainforest the amazonian rainforest is the largest rainforest in our planet, covering most of the brazils area and extending out to neighbouring countries. On a global scale, however, deforestation can result in the extinction of several desirable species. Amazon is the biggest deforestation front in the world and interventions are urgently needed to prevent a largescale, irreversible ecological disaster. The causes, effects and alternatives to deforestation in the rural. According to fao, deforestation is the conversion of. Deforestation is also known as clearing or clearance of trees.
Deforestation takes place due to multiple of reasons like logging, population growth, urbanization, grazing, construction of dams and reservoirs, habitat. This paper focuses on not only the causes and consequences of deforestation but also alternatives for sustainable development. Historical causes of deforestation while we are just now realizing the harmful effects that deforestation is having, the destruction of the forests has been going on since the dawn of man. Deforestation definition, causes, effects, and control. Feb 26, 2015 ppt on deforestation by mandar gadkari. To prevent the destruction of the amazon rainforest and ensure that natural resources in the amazon are used rationally for the benefit of its resident. Deforestation causes and forces the surrounding to adapt in. There are several effects of deforestation on earths climate and nature.
Fires can be both accidental and intentional but destroy forests quickly. If we keep cutting trees and support deforestation in the next 100. Tropical deforestation is responsible for approximately 20% of world greenhouse gas emissions. Penny encyclopedia of life support systems eolss population growth and increasing per capita demands for forest products and therefore forest exploitation, and the conversion of forested land for the purpose. This according to experts is the major cause of soil erosion, and micro climate change. Learn reasons for deforestation and discover the consequences of this process in all.
Causes of deforestation are the forces that motivate the agents to clear the forests. Understanding the underlying or indirect causes of deforestation is crucial to address redd and climate change. Deforestation is a primary contributor to climate change. Deforestation poses a grave threat to this biodiversity. This causes soil erosion, leading to silting of river beds. Indeed some 31 countries do not even make the list because they have already removed most of their forests and even if that remain are seriously fragmented and degraded. This section looks at a deforestation definition, causes of deforestation, effects of deforestation, solutions to deforestation and deforestation facts. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id.
A project on deforestation projectee ivb shubham mashidkar shubham sangole mandar gadkari kirti chandrashekar rao sumant mahulkar under the guidance of prof. To examine some causes and consequences of tropical deforestation. Pdf on apr 25, 2012, sumit chakravarty and others published deforestation. Concluding remarks there is a clear linkages between deforestation and worlds demands of fiber, food, and fuel understanding the underlying or indirect causes of deforestation is crucial to address redd and climate change most deforestation is driven from outside forestry sector e.
Deforestation alexandra lovichova, nicholas eio, kenneth ho 2. Tropical deforestation tropical deforestation includes both quantitative loss of woody vegetation as well as qualitative changes such as loss or reduction in species biodiversity. There is a broad consensus that expansion of cropped areas and pastures are a major source of. According to 1993 world development report deforestation is defined as the permanent conservation of the forest land to other uses including pasture, shifting cultivation, mechanised agriculture or. But deforestation disrupts the lives of these people, sometimes with devastating consequences. There are many factors that contribute to deforestation, each with its own causes and negative environmental impacts. Deforestation has several negative effects on the environment and organisms. Deforestation is ongoing and is shaping climate and geography. Deforestation has so many social effects on our society its impact not only affects us humans but also plants, animals and the surrounding environment. Urban sprawl is one of the most difficult deforestation related issues to solve. To learn more about deforestation and other important environmental concerns such as soil pollution, register with byjus and download the mobile application on your smartphone. On this basis, extended deficiency of water can affect the society in various ways both directly and indirectly.
The changes in area of forest by region and subregion are shown in table 1. This book attempts to justify the reasons of deforestation, afforestation and reforestation with available examples and. Another most noticeable impact of deforestation is the increasing humanwildlife conflict. Deforestation causes, effects and impacts aims and objectives 1. We know the causes of the deforestation, but what are the effects it will have on the world. Natural causes as hurricanes, fires, parasites and floods. Insufficient political actions and governance failure as inadequate land. It can be the result of the deliberate removal of forest cover for agriculture or urban development, or it can be a consequence of grazing animals, wild or domesticated. Deforestation reduces the co2 sink and it further enhances the greenhouse effect. The dark areas are forest, the white is deforested areas, and the gray is regrowth. Global warming and climate change, causes, impacts and mitigation. Learn about historical and modern deforestation and its effects. The first issue, as mentioned earlier, is that plants are essential for animal life as they convert carbon dioxide into oxygen. Pdf global warming and climate change, causes, impacts and.
In this model, we used the deforestation data for the 19872017 period obtained from a previous study as dependent variables and the potential causes of deforestation generated from geographic. There is a clear linkages between deforestation and worlds demands of fiber, food, and fuel understanding the underlying or indirect causes of deforestation is crucial to address redd and climate change most deforestation is driven from outside forestry sector e. Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to nonforest land use see picture 1. Isbn 9789535105695 contents preface ix section 1 forest management 1 chapter 1 deforestation. Forests play a crucial role for the water cycle and deforestation entails climatic imbalances both at a global and local level as it influences the composition of the atmosphere and, as a consequence, also has an impact on the greenhouse effect. Deforestation is the clearing of trees without the intent of replacing them or reestablishing a stand of trees. The effects of deforestation range from standard environmental like changes in the atmosphere and biodiversity, to economical impacts. There are increasing instances of invasion and animal killing. This article aims to show the consequences of deforestation and burning of the amazon rainforest. Due to urbanization, the demand for housings will rise, causing more land to be cleared in order for more housing to be built to house the locals. It is a complex issue full of uncertainties and controversies. The effects of drought are widespread and have devastating effects on the environment and the society as a whole.
An analysis of a major cause of tropical deforestation in indonesia pdf tropical deforestation. Trees purify our air, filter our water, prevent erosion, and act as a buffer against climate change. Deforestation is a contributor to global warming, and is often cited as one of the major causes of the enhanced greenhouse effect. On a local scale, the clearing of forest land can cause a decline in the population of certain species. Angelsen center for international forestry research cifor,bogor, indonesia and department of economics and social sciences agricultural university of norway as, norway and d.
Causes and consequences of deforestation of the amazon. Harvesting, forest fires, and insect infestations do not count as deforestation because the affected areas will eventually grow back. Deforestation, clearing or thinning of forests by humans to make the land available for other uses. As the concentration of carbon dioxide increases, a layer forms in the atmosphere that traps sun radiation. I talked to different experts to explain how deforestation is affecting.
Causes, effects and control strategies 5 deforestation are maintained. However, deforestation occurred by natural disasters. Agricultural technologies and tropical deforestation. Atmospheric for global warming deforestation is the major contributor. Environmental effects of deforestation from below soil erosion and flooding. Basic concepts of deforestation, degradation, and fragmentation 2. There are many root causes of deforestation in ethiopia, including corruption of government institutions, the inequitable distribution of wealth and power, population growth and overpopulation, and urbanization. Why is deforestation a serious global environmental problem.
Causes, effects and control strategies find, read and cite all the research you. Causes, effects and possible solutions name geography 101, section 040 professor 6 december 2012 abstract this paper explores the causes, effects and possible solutions of the deforestation of the amazon forest. There is a clear linkages between deforestation and worlds demands of fiber, food, and fuel. Rainforests around the world are being lost at an alarming rate.
Trees help to mitigate carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas. Deforestation and forest degradation in the congo basin. Preliminary study on the drivers of deforestation and. Deforestation deforestation regrowth undisturbed forest forest fragments figure 1. In this article we investigate the causes and effects of deforestation, and look at what is being done to stop it. Have you ever thought what will be the consequences of such deforestation. There are various degrees of tropical deforestation ranging from reductions in vigour andor species diversity to a. Deforestation also increases greenhouse gas emissions, disrupts the water cycle, increases soil erosion and decreases the. Agricultural technologies and tropical deforestation edited by a.
It can be said to mean removal of strands of trees or forests and the conversion of such area of land to a use that is totally nonforest in nature. Deforestation often takes place as an effect of overpopulation, urbanization, economical reasons and governments corruption. Learn the causes, effects, and solutions you can contribute to help stop deforestation. Causes, effects, and implications pdf examining the proximate and underlying causes of tropical deforestation. Grades 6 and up time a few days to several days materials internet access research materials subject areas. Water use is part and parcel of almost every human activity as well as the life of plants and animals. Typically, deforestation is clearing a lot of trees without the intention of establishing future growth. Human activities as agricultural expansion, cattle breeding, timber extraction, mining, oil extraction, dam construction and infrastructure development. Deforestation is primarily a concern for the developing countries of the tropics myers, 1994 as it is shrinking areas of the tropical forests. Deforestation is the cutting down of trees in a forest for construction, development, lumber, etc. It happens every year in indonesia, once the dry season is. Deforestation and degradation of forests create ecological problems in every part of the.
Exploring deforestation by meghan kelly, urban ecology educator purpose students explore global deforestation and its causes and consequences and consider solutions that do more good and less harm for all. Why deforestation happens deforestation occurs in many ways. The first two are geographic variation in the causes and the consequences of deforestation. One of the consequences of deforestation is a loss of biodiversity. Trees absorb the carbon dioxide and release oxygen and water into the atmosphere and this contributes to global warming. Gases such as methane and carbon dioxide trap heat in earths atmosphere, leading change in climate. Deforestation leads to loss of cultural diversity, loss of biodiversity and. Deforestation causes many issues on both a local and global scale. Deforestation is a major driver of terrestrial habitat loss and habitat fragmentation and contributes to global warming. Natural causes as hurricanes, fires, parasites and floods human activities as agricultural expansion, cattle breeding, timber extraction, mining, oil extraction, dam construction and infrastructure development. What is deforestation, and what can we do to prevent it. Pdf deforestation causes, impacts and restoration strategies.
Every one of us knows that there was a time when we used to worship plants now is the time when we cut them brutally. Wwf estimates that 27 per cent more than a quarter of the amazon biome will be without trees by 2030 if the current rate of deforestation continues. Short essay deforestation is the clearing the forest lands in a massive level which in a slow pace reduces the quality of earth. Nevertheless, deforestation has been a widespread phenomenon in tropical africa, with an annual forest clearance of between 1. In fact, tropical rainforests are believed to be the most diverse ecosystems on the planet. The first form of agriculture that will be examined is slash and burn agriculture. Deforestation facts and information national geographic. This is due to the fact that, at its base, urban sprawl is driven by overpopulation.1207 1041 513 1051 900 1431 1254 751 6 395 1325 1461 637 882 446 1499 590 350 1230 812 250 1167 1139 920 1271 396 260 27 251 133 614 1085 650 62 1170 437 729 1270 178 1427 1070 243 353 884